Journal Information
Vol. 84. Issue 2.
Pages 241-242 (April - June 2019)
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479
Vol. 84. Issue 2.
Pages 241-242 (April - June 2019)
Clinical image in Gastroenterology
DOI: 10.1016/j.rgmxen.2018.09.008
Open Access
Impacted intrahepatic stone: Laparoscopic-endoscopic approach using flexible cholangioscopy
Litiasis biliar intrahepática impactada: abordaje laparoendoscópico empleando colangioscopia flexible
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F. Pereira-Graterol
Corresponding author
freddypereiragraterol@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, F. Salazar, Y. Venales
Unidad de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso y Servicio de Cirugía General, Hospital Universitario Dr. Luis Razetti, Barcelona, Venezuela
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Endoscopic transampullar examination of the biliary tract is considered the standard method of treatment for stones in its interior, but it is not effective in all scenarios.

That procedure is successful in stones impacted in the intrahepatic ducts when additional resources are used, such as cholangioscopy and lithotripsy (electrohydraulic or laser), and with the possibility of their repetition, which significantly increases costs.

We describe the case herein of a young man that sought medical attention due to obstructive jaundice and recurrent episodes of cholangitis. Diagnosis was cholelithiasis with multiple stones, one of which was impacted (fig. 1 a,b). Antibiotic therapy was begun and cholecystectomy with laparoscopic examination of the bile ducts was performed using a flexible video-endoscope with a 5.3-mm diameter, a 2-mm working channel, and a Dormia basket (figs. 2 and 3 a-d). Complete stone extraction was achieved. The patient progressed satisfactorily and was released 48h after the procedure. In the case described, cholecystectomy, laparoscopic examination of the biliary tract, and intraoperative cholangioscopy were a cost-effective treatment option.

Figure 1.

Cholangio-NMR: The arrows point to the stone impacted in the right posterior segmental duct and in the common bile duct. a) 3D reconstruction. b) Axial view in T2.

(0.16MB).
Figure 2.

Laparoscopic dissection of the common bile duct landmarked with sutures (Prolene® 3-0).

(0.13MB).
Figure 3.

Series showing the steps during the laparoscopic examination of the biliary tract: a) choledocotomy; b) laparoscopic cholangioscopy (impacted intrahepatic duct stone); c) extraction of multiple stones with the Dormia basket; d) cholangioscopy after extraction of the stones.

(0.71MB).
Ethical disclosuresProtection of human and animal subjects

The authors declare that no experiments were performed on humans or animals for this study.

Confidentiality of data

The authors declare that they have followed the protocols of their work center on the publication of patient data.

Right to privacy and informed consent

The authors declare that no patient data appear in this article.

Financial disclosure

No financial support was received in relation to this article.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Please cite this article as: Pereira-Graterol F, Salazar F, Venales Y. Litiasis biliar intrahepática impactada: abordaje laparoendoscópico empleando colangioscopia flexible. Revista de Gastroenterología de México. 2019;84:241–242.

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Revista de Gastroenterología de México

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